When you bring a dog at home, from that moment it’s already decided that you will take care of him. As an owner, it’s your responsibility to provide him best dog food, plenty of attention, toys to play, comfortable home, proper veterinary care, and most importantly you must provide him proper vaccination. In this article we talk about puppy vaccination schedule. Vaccination plays a vital role in protecting dogs from several diseases. Among which some are also life-threatening and can be easily spread to other dogs as well. So now the question is when to vaccinate a dog and what type of vaccination should be given?
When To Vaccinate A Dog?
Generally, vaccination of dogs should be started usually between 6 and 8 weeks and then every three weeks until it’s four-month of age when it will receive the final round. In case of puppies that are still having its mother milk and if the puppy’s mother has a good immune system, for them only after weaned off of the mother’s milk, vaccination should begin.
Puppy Vaccination Schedule
- 6-10 week: DHPP, Kennel Cough
- 11-14 week: DHPP, Leptospirosis, Canine Influenza, Lyme Disease, Rabies
- 15-16 week: DHPP, Leptospirosis, Canine Influenza, Lyme disease
- In the case of Canine Influenza and Lyme disease vaccines, it should be given depending upon the lifestyle of the dog
Note: DHPP- Distemper, Hepatitis, Parvovirus, and Parainfluenza.
Similarly, when your puppy reaches adulthood, you should begin an adult dog vaccination schedule.
The vaccination of adult dogs is just the same as given to the puppy. It consists of a periodic adult booster.
Amount of Time That The Vaccinations Are Effective
- DHPP- 1 to 3 years regarding the dog lifestyle
- Rabies- 3 years
- Leptospirosis- 1 year
- Canine Influenza- 1 year
- Kennel Cough- 6 months
Types of Vaccination for Dogs
As we have known about when we should vaccinate the dog, now let’s know why it is important to vaccinate the dog.
Vaccination helps to increase the immunity power of dogs which helps them to fight against several dangerous and life-threatening diseases and is essential to the dog’s health. There are different types of vaccines given to dogs and those vaccines play a vital role in maintaining the dog’s health.
Core vaccines are essential for all dogs. It protects against Parvovirus, Distemper virus, and hepatitis. It is given at 8, 10, and 12 weeks of age and after that repeated annually. Similarly, after a dog reaches 2 years, every three years it is given and as it prevents diseases, it makes dog healthy.
The rabies vaccine is also one of the core vaccines. Rabies is the fatal disease seen in dogs which also affect other dogs as well as human beings. So if all dogs are vaccinated for rabies at approximately 14 weeks of age and then again at one year of age then it will prevent symptoms like fever, paralysis, hydrophobia, etc. Similarly, re-vaccination in every one to three years can help to keep dogs safer.
Noncore vaccines are optional vaccine which is recommended regarding the lifestyle of dog and the geographic location. It includes a kennel cough vaccine, leptospirosis vaccine, Lyme vaccine, and the canine influenza vaccine. All those noncore vaccines protect dogs from highly contagious and life-threatening diseases like Lyme disease (spread through a tick bite), leptospirosis (infection caused by an organism that thrives in water), Kennel cough (caused by bacteria and spread through airborne contaminants), etc.
Intestinal parasites are common in dogs, whereas the deworming vaccine protects dogs from the diseases caused by these parasites. Taking it every two weeks starting from the age of three weeks and after that re-schedule it as per the veterinarian suggestion, it will help to keep dog far from being infected from those parasites and keep them healthy.