10 Vital Signs to Identify Your Dog is Sick

Vital signs to identify your dog is sickBeing a dog parent, it is crucial to recognize whether your dog is suffering from some illness. It is an unfortunate fact of life that just like humans, your dog can fall ill. An experienced dog parent or a first-time adopter, it is important to identify when dog seek medical attention. A dog cannot describe symptoms of illness, so you have to observe signs shown by her. Here we have picked out the topic for prompt detection of problems and keep your dog at its best level.

1. Diarrhea
Frequent loose watery stool with or without blood and mucous is diarrhea. Underlying causes such as medication, worm infestation, disease conditions such as tumors, liver disease, the bacterial and viral infection causes diarrhea. Early detection of loose stool needs prompt treatment as it can lead to a threatening situation if not managed in the acute stage.

2. Vomiting
The common cause of vomiting is undigested food particles and overeating habits. It can also be associated with gastrointestinal (such as colitis, intestinal obstruction, or parvovirus) and systemic disorders that should be consulted with a veterinarian. If your dog vomits once or twice then proceeds to eat regularly with normal bowel and bladder habits, then you can stay back at home since it might be due to a change in appetite.

3. Persistent sneezing
A dog lives mostly at ground level so are vulnerable to sneezing due to continuous exposure to pollutants. Constant sneezing is probably due to brachycephalic airway obstruction, nasal mites, seasonal allergies, nasal infection, and reverses sneezing. Visit a vet to take a look at each cause to determine further steps of care.

4. Persistent coughing
Coughing is a natural response by the immune system to any irritation or abnormality of the airway. However, a persistent cough can be a symptom of more serious medical illness such as a build-up of fluid in lungs, respiratory infection, heart diseases like acquired mitral valve disease, lungs diseases like pneumonia and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, swallowing a foreign body which becomes stuck in the airway, cancer and environmental allergies. Visit a vet and get a consultation regarding continuous cough is significant for prompt identification of cause and treatment.

5. Dyspnea
A healthy dog typically breaths between 20-34 breaths per minute. Less or more than the range is abnormal breathing. Chest infection, aspiration of food or object, trauma, bleeding, structural abnormality, heart failure, anemia, allergies, pain, fever, tumor, and other disease conditions leads to abnormal breathing. Breathing problems can be fatal so transport your pet as soon as possible to a clinic if labored breathing is observed. Obstruction in the respiratory system including nose, mouth, throat, trachea, and lung causes dyspnea.

6. A dull coat
A shiny coat is a sign of healthy pooch. Most of the time, a dull coat is an indicator of poor nutritional status. Avoidance of grains (corn, wheat, and soy), a supplement of fish oil, raw egg, and using oatmeal-based dog shampoo aid to soothe the skin and leave fur to its’ best condition.

7. Lethargy
Sluggish and apathetic behavior is shown by your dog when she is suffering from metabolic diseases ( heart problems, liver problems, diabetes, and hypoglycemia), infection, medication, anemia, poisoning (toxic food such as onion and garlic) and trauma. Lethargic health due to elevated temperature is normal for sometimes however if it exceeds beyond two days, consultation with an expert is needed.

8. Sudden weight loss
Fewer grams of weight loss is to be considered normally related to eating habits. However, weight loss of more than 10 percentile of body weight needs a vet visit since it may be associated with serious medical conditions like malabsorption, hypermetabolism, and excessive loss of nutrients or fluid via vomiting, diarrhea or excessive urination.

9. Shivering
Shaking of the body is an involuntary response to pain, fear, fever, anxiety, nervous system disorders, brain injury, and simply due to cold. The commonest cause is an inability to maintain heat level. However, if shivering persists even after stabilizing normal body temperature, a visit to the clinic is vital.

10. Difficulty in Micturition
Urine is a waste product that is excreted through the urethra in normal physiology. Fewer situations like bladder stones, urethral stones, cancer, and urinary tract infection result in urinary obstruction. Consequently, your dog presents signs like crying when urinating, frequency and dribbling of urine, anuria, bloody urine, vomiting, lethargy, and lack of appetite. Retention of urine for a long duration may result in a life-threatening situation so the early veterinary exam is always needed.

Being a pet owner, it is a vital process to be vigilant and be aware of her health. In conclusion, annual well-visits to a vet along with scheduled vaccination helps to maintain health at its best through preventive, promotive, and curative measures.

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